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Well being
Meals Security Alert – Ammonia in United States Beef and Labeling Deficiencies
Updated on July 2, 2015 Ken Kline more On December 30th, 2009, a new York Occasions investigation reported that a lot of our beef merchandise right here within the United use ammonia within the processing of beef. Most of the hamburgers we eat at quick food eating places have had ammonia injected for the sake of infection management and cost savings.

The story is absolutely fascinating, but it may ceaselessly change your style buds for a hamburger at your favourite native fast meals restaurant.

The tip aim should be better disclosure to the patron regarding the ingredients that our foods include and, just as important, info on the processing and the chemicals used within the processing of food.

Pink Slime in US Beef
pink slime in US Beef – meals labeling issues | Supply Ammonia Cell NH3
colorful rendering of Ammonia cell NH3 | Source NY Occasions Stories on the Safety Beef Production

Security of Beef Processing Technique is Questioned
“Eight years in the past, federal officials were struggling to take away probably deadly E. coli from hamburgers when an entrepreneurial company from South Dakota came up with a novel thought: injecting beef with ammonia….”
How is Ammonia Utilized in Other Industries – Beyond Beef? Ammonia Definition – From Wikipedia
“Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formulation NH3….

Ammonia contributes considerably to the nutritional wants…can also be a building block for the synthesis of many pharmaceuticals.

Though in extensive use, ammonia is both caustic and hazardous.

Ammonia, as used commercially, is often called anhydrous ammonia. This term emphasizes the absence of water in the fabric.”

Supply: Wikipedia

Ammonia in the Beef
Ammonia in Freshwater Aquariums – From About.com
Shirlie Sharpe detailed in About.com how ammonia is consider in freshwater aquariums:

“Ammonia is a toxic substance that builds up in the aquarium, notably in a newly setup tank. Ammonia is the first step within the nitrogen cycle…”
Supply: About.com

Beef Merchandise, Inc. – BPI Merchandise (BPI)
On their web site, Beef Merchandise, Inc., a publicly traded firm under the inventory symbol, BPI, detailed the products that they course of.

“BPI products are being utilized by a lot of the QSR (Quick Service Restaurant) chains, HRI (Hotel, Restaurant, Establishment) suppliers, and food service suppliers. Moreover, BPI® Boneless Lean Beef Trimmings are commonly utilized by main packers and processors as an integral a part of their retail ground beef or hamburger blends. BPI’s product can be accredited for use in the USDA’s AMS (Agricultural Advertising Service) faculty lunch program.

Contemporary and Frozen hamburger patties

Contemporary retail ground beef (bulk, high-OX or low-OX MAP)

Low-fat hotdogs

Taco meats

Lunch meats


Beef stick snacks

Sausages, pepperoni, and different encased meats

Retail frozen entrees


Fabricated roast beef

Canned foods”

Journal of Meals Processing
Wish to learn extra about meals processing? Here is a great web site complete with journal that specifically deal with meals production, food contamination, meals processing and meat processing.

“Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com) gives access to over three million articles across nearly 1500 journals and 7000 Online Books and major reference works. It additionally holds industry main databases such because the Cochrane Library, chemistry databases and the acclaimed Current Protocols laboratory manuals.

Wiley InterScience is one of the world’s premiere sources for examine, educating and superior analysis.”

Staph – Staphylococcus Aureus – Bacteria Infection
Staph (pronounced: staff) is the shortened identify for staphylococcus aureus (pronounced: staf-uh-low-kah-kus typically denoted for some of the species as S. aureus), is a type of micro organism. Many of those bacteria are harmless and live on our pores and skin surfaces most commonly around the nostril, mouth, genitals, and so on… With over 30 species of staph, many model trigger infection.

Infections embody meals poisoning, toxic shock syndrome, boils, impetigo (typically denoted by blusters with pub) and cellulitis (skin inflammation often accompanied by fever, chills and muscle aches).

MRSA is among the deadliness bacteria of the staphlococcus household of bacteria. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterial infection that is highly resistant to some antibiotics. MRSA staph pores and skin infections cause a red, swollen, and painful space on the pores and skin.

This is a essential matter for the patron to thoroughly evaluate. Due to this fact, I have laid this text out in three sections so as to fully understand the complexity and historical past of those probably life threatening points that demand new rules. Follow by the ABC’s of what occurred – A. What’s Ammonia? Who’s Affected? How is it Used?, B. What Went Incorrect? and C. Why Did This Happen?

What Occurred with the Beef
The brand new York Occasions report particulars that labeling for ammonia was exempted. And sure, ammonia is the chemical we often clear with – it was injected into beef to offer E.coli and salmonella safety. Amazingly the consumer was never notified! Essentially, ammonia is a naturally occurring chemical and deemed part of the processing of the food not an ingredient. Upon assessment, I consider you’ll agree with me that the buyer deserves full disclosure of all ingredients – together with the elements and the processing utilized in food preparation.

Ammoniated Fatty Trimmings for Hamburger Patties
Ammoniated trimmings are processed by Beef Merchandise, Inc. This company is a serious provider to among the world’s largest food producers, resembling Cargill. Our fast-meals eating places and college lunch rooms use these beef patties and different associated food products for his or her clients and college students. Beef merchandise with less fats could not include and even be a candidate for these doubtlessly dangerous ammoniated processes. As I detailed earlier, the questions are “which merchandise?” and “where is the disclosure?”; food labeling must be modified to mirror new technology and chemicals, even “natural chemical” processes on meals labels.

A. What is Ammonia? Who is Affected? How is it Used?
Ammonia (nitrogen) is a chemical that occurs naturally and also can be produced by man (see the Harber-Bosch course of devised by the Germans for World Battle I described in detail below). Ammonia nitrogen is usually current in water on account of the decay of plant and animal matter. Uncooked sewage, industrial effluents (from petroleum refineries) are different frequent occurrences that produce ammonia.

Who is Affected?
The mainstay of America’s hamburgers is the primary use of this anti-bacterial process, which would come with our fast service eating places often known as “QSRs” (which is one other term for our fast-meals restaurants), grocery store chains and our federal faculty lunch program. The NY Times article details that the “federal faculty lunch program used an estimated 5.5 million pounds of the processed beef with ammonia last year alone.”

How is Ammonia Utilized? Fertilizer to Pharmaceuticals and Past
For the beef trade, ammonia is infused into beef to provide a pure method of ridding foods of bacteria. Ammonia manufacturing is utilized extensively throughout totally different industries and in a number of different manners from technology products within the semi-conductor industry, ammunition to refrigeration and fertilizers. Since ammonia is a chemical, the production of ammonia is greatest categorised in the pharmaceutical business.

Apparently, many meals producers, especially large food producers, have vertical integration with pharmaceutical firms in some method. Additionally, there’s a artificial ammonia – a man-made version. Amazing how man is able to copy nature!

What are the consequences of High Concentrations of Ammonia?
High Concentrations of Ammonia – Harmful to the Surroundings Two events occurred.

Two suppliers, one in every of which was named in the brand new York Times article, has had its beef merchandise recalled by the U.S.D.A. as a result of E.coli outbreaks. Interestingly, Beef Merchandise, Inc. – the one supplier named – did not have “as wide of a recall as other Cargill suppliers”.

The two events which are at problem right here in fact are 1.) The outbreaks of E.coli and a couple of.) The labeling of food products. Labeling should embrace full disclosure of the processing strategies – not just the “components” and probably different chemicals the meals has been exposed to – we already do this for peanuts which is a natural product, why not embrace a full disclosure also for ammonia and carbon monoxide?

C. Why Did This Happen?
The History of the Beef Merchandise, Inc. Process two were Beef Merchandise plants, records present.” Cargill who is among the nation’s “largest hamburger makers” can also be the biggest privately held firm as reported by Forbes in 2006. Cargill is a major buyer of Beef Products, Inc.’s “ammoniated trimmings for its patties.”

NY Instances Investigative Efforts Acknowledged – A Public Service

This info is dropped at you by the investigative efforts of the new York Occasions. It was by way of their diligence of reviewing data, sampling handled beef and talking with regulatory officials such as the U.S.D.A., Division of Agriculture and the F.D. A., trade experts from personal sector specializing in food safety along with former microbiologists that now we have learned about these new technological processes that demand new laws and labeling for the protection of the consumer.

Beef Merchandise – Local Meat Shops – Order Beef On Line
The good news in the food industry is many local meat stores nonetheless exist. Hunt down small, family owned stores which course of their own beef. Order beef on line – also, test on line for some nice meat companies. Do not be shy about asking about their meat merchandise processing. Remember they want to ship the very best quality beef merchandise to you – you “the consumer rule”.

Should Use of Ammonia in Beef Merchandise Be Absolutely Disclosed to Customers?

See results Ought to the usage of Carbon Monoxide in Meals Be Fully Disclosed to Shoppers?


See results Abstract
Technology is quickly advancing. As know-how moves forward, we as consumers want an schooling of the processes that happen with a purpose to make higher decisions about our health and the well being of our households.

Understanding the unseen, understanding micro organism in meals and in our environment are important well being objects. Demanding full disclosure of latest processing strategies is required by the buyer.

New labeling mandates are needed but perhaps new strategies are wanted. The all pure food sanitizers are an choices to be strongly thought-about.

In abstract, the meals giants are concerned. The regulatory companies are involved. We, the patron need to indicate up and be counted for in our choices.

Ask the Questions – Demand the Answers
Ask the questions, demand the answers, store on the native meat outlets, spend the money now to know what is in your food. Native butchers in my area exist and will be counted upon to offer clear answers.

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sendingKelly Kline Burnett 5 years in the past from Madison, Wisconsin

I simply feel using ANY processing ingredient should be disclosed.

I also really feel consumers want to know the amount of nitrates in their cured meat.

Disclosure, disclosure, disclosure – let the buyer make the choice.

David Terry 5 years ago

Why do you not handle:

1. How MSDS details of ammonia compare to dihydrogen monoxide. Hundreds of thousands have died from dihydrogen monoxide, but we are not as involved.

2. New York Instances retraction stating BPI has not been linked to any foodborne sickness or recall

3. What’s the level of ammonia found in soy and tofu (hint: 4x in comparison with beef)

four. Why does Gerald Zirnstein now not work for the USDA?

5. Is this article more centered on eliminating using ammonia so a course of like “layered ozonated dihydrogen monoxide”, which the creator endorses?

Kelly Kline Burnett 5 years in the past from Madison, Wisconsin

I, unlike a lot of my fellow writers, love information and sharing. I don’t consider this spam as a result of it provides information that is related this post. Holding food cool is important. You would possibly find www.4FoodSafety.hubpages.com fascinating for your target market.

pharmaceutical and meals industries 5 years in the past

pharmaceutical and food industries insulated containers is like a portable coolroom or simultaneous transport of frozen and refrigerated food. Use them to transport temperature delicate products.


Kelly Kline Burnett 6 years in the past from Madison, Wisconsin

Joyce F,

Purchasing grass fed beef domestically is completely brilliant. Sadly, the one meat I purchase from WalMart now could be my bacon. I travel 5-10 miles for a local beef supplier. If you happen to understand the distinction, the pennies on the dollar are merely not worth the health risk.

I just want WalMart would provide clearer labels and more choice – premium selections could be helpful.

Joyce F 6 years ago from USA

Nice Hub! Unfortunately ammonia isn’t the one factor in United States beef that should not be there. When potential we buy grass fed beef from a neighborhood farmer. Ever so often we buy half a beef. A minimum of we know what’s in it.

kiwi91 7 years ago from USA

I simply started buying beef from a local firm once in a while, however this makes me consider buying it from there more often. I wonder if the taste can be detected within the beef? Our meals standards are so low, it is shocking. In rather a lot of how, the U.S. is far forward in terms of technology, however in terms of health and meals, we’ve got so much of work to do. Thanks for this info.

Pamela Lipscomb 7 years in the past from Charlotte, North Carolina

Shocking hub! For years I’ve been reducing down of red meat. That is just the incentive to cease consuming it fully!

Deborah Dugger 7 years ago from Colorado

I believe it could be higher to do our own food supply- from the best way things are going.

I have a good friend who informed me that they are also placing 9 completely different animals in with the ground beef- now I haven’t researched this yet- however I wouldn’t doubt if for a second.

OzoneWater 7 years in the past

The local shops are always one of the best – if you’ll be able to talk on to the butcher – the proprietor – that is platinum. The local store homeowners promote a premium product – if we perceive that – are we then more more likely to pay the value?

KellyEngaldo 7 years ago

Pricey Marc,

Thank you for your form phrases. I am fortunate we have several native beef markets here in my area. I hope the Chicagoans who frequent Lake Geneva understand what a gem we have in our native small grocers who actually handle their own beef! At first I believed they have been expensive – after I discovered about the trade – the worth is not expensive when in comparison with the “filler prospects”!

Thank you for stopping by.

Marc 7 years in the past

Great work, Kelly. I’ve left the reigns of supermarket food for the most part, being not involved within the “Human Chow” they are largely giving people as we speak. I’ve gone back to the native farms, shopping for all of my milk, eggs, beef, hen, turkey, and vegetables all from native farmers. This supports range, our local farmers, our local economy, and you tend to know what you’re shopping for and consuming. From the supermarket, who know what you might be getting: are you getting genetically modified meals, pesticides, melamine, phthalates, ammoniated beef trimmings, the place did it come from, how was it made, and who made it? What do you desire to eat?

Karen Russell 7 years in the past

Thank you KELLY, That is HORRIFYING But, I AGREE Completely, WHEN I go INTO THE Tremendous MARKET These days, I am Typically WEARY OF MY SELECTIONS Within the MEAT Division width:300px;peak:250px” information-advert-consumer=”ca-pub-7547369567510288″ information-page-url=”//hubpages.com/hub/Ammonia-in-United-States-Beef” information-ad-slot=”1186173963″>

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