National Iranian Oil Refining And Distribution Company
Nationwide Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company (NIORDC) is a part of the Ministry of Petroleum of Iran. NIORDC was established on eight March 1991 and undertook to perform all operations relating to refining and distribution of oil merchandise.
Although NIORDC was formed in the nineteen nineties, the corporate has really inherited 90 years of Iran’s oil industries’ experiences within the fields of refining, switch and distribution of oil merchandise, as well as, engineering and construction of installations of oil industries.
1 Obligations and duties (as of 2009)
2 Installations and capabilities
3 Gas imports
4 New services
6 Subsidiary companies
7 See also
9 External hyperlinks
Responsibilities and duties (as of 2009)
– Refining crude oil and producing quite a lot of oil merchandise.
– Transferring crude oil from production bases and “Khazar Terminal” to the refineries and likewise transferring oil merchandise from refineries and import bases to distribution procurement depots and distribution centres.
– Performing all refining tasks and schemes, switch and storing.
– Manufacturing, transfer and distribution of 250 million litres of oil merchandise per day.
– Day by day export of round 60 million litres of oil products abroad via oil terminals.
– Offering totally different sectors – business, agriculture and power plants – with fuel and feed repeatedly e.g. petrochemical complexes.
– Providing consuming gas to residential sector, enterprise sector in urban and the peasantry communities all over the nation.
– Providing greater than 7 million autos – heavy and gentle – in the transportation sector with their required each day fuel.
Installations and capabilities
As of 2010, NIORDC had 19 subsidiaries and affiliated companies, together with 9 oil current refineries. Between 2007 and 2012, oil refining capability for crude oil and gasoline condensate would enhance from 1,600,000 barrels per day (250,000 m3/d) to 3,300,000 barrels per day (520,000 m3/d). By 2009, Iran had a complete refining capability of 1,860,000 barrels per day (296,000 m3/d).
– Fourteen thousand kilometers of crude oil and oil product transfer pipelines.
– One hundred fifty pumping stations.
– Oil trade telecommunication community.
– Operational zones for pipelines and telecommunication.
– 35 operational zones for NIOPDC.
– 220 operational areas for NIOPDC.
– Storage tank installations with 10 billion litre capability (2009). As of 2010, the storage capability of oil products in the nation was round 11.5 billion liters, but it will attain sixteen.7 billion liters by the top of the Fifth 5 Yr Development Plan (2010-2015).
Main gasoline suppliers to Iran traditionally have been India, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, the Netherlands, France, Singapore, and the United Arab Emirates. The Monetary Instances reported that Vitol, Glencore, Trafigura and different (western) companies had since stopped supplying petrol to Iran due to international sanctions. In 2006, Vitol, a MNC primarily based in Switzerland, supplied Iran with 60% of its total gasoline cargo imports.
– Average every day gasoline consumption stood at 73 million liters in 2006 however fell to 64 million liters per day in 2007 concurrent with gasoline rationing plan and to 61 million liters after the full implementation of the first section of the subsidy reforms plan. Gasoline production would attain 70 million liters per day in 2013.
– In 2008 Iran has imported practically 40% of its market needs because of lack of refining capability and contraband.
– In 2009, Iran spent paid $eleven billion on imported fuel.[Thirteen] In 2010, gasoline import declined to 30% of its market needs at 25 million liters of gasoline and eleven million liters of diesel fuel per day.
– In September 2010, Iran claimed that it has stopped importing gasoline in line with the home capability expansion plans. This assertion was later denied by the government of Hassan Rouhani.
– As of July 2010, Iran produces between 280,000 barrels (45,000 m3) and 285,000 barrels (45,300 m3) of gasoline a day and until just lately had acquired the remaining 30 percent, which is about 115,000 barrels per day (18,300 m3/d) to a hundred and twenty,000 barrels per day (19,000 m3/d), by big oil firms.
– In 2014 Iran will import 10-11 million liters of gasoline per day general, together with 8-10 million liters of premium gasoline from India per day because a number of the gasoline produced domestically doesn’t meet the Euro-5 high quality standards (and likewise due to the gas smuggling/price differential with neighboring countries.)
– In 2016, gas imports decreased 50% to ~four million liters per day on average due to falling oil costs (i.e. falling value differential with neighboring nations and consequent fall in the smuggling activity).
After completion of 7 new refineries and enchancment to the present refineries at a value of $26 billion; along with the implementation of the subsidy reform plan to cut demand, it is feasible that Iran would stop being a gasoline importer by 2010-2011 and will turn into a internet exporter by 2013-2015.
Whereas the country stays dependent on small gasoline and diesel imports, net gasoline imports in 2013 averaged only 33 000 bpd. This compares to refined product imports of 182 000 bpd in 2009, of which two thirds was gasoline (approximately 132 000 bpd).
As of 2015, aside from the Persian Gulf Star Refinery in Assalouyeh, all plans for the building of thirteen new oil refineries have been abandoned “due to technical and monetary issues” in accordance with Iranian media.
Planned in 2011, Qeshm refinery (capable of processing heavy crude oil) can have an output capability of 30,000 barrels a day of mild oil products and can change into operational by 2014.
– Providing fascinating fuel supplying providers and supplying feed of industries and factories everywhere in the nation in due time.
– Decreasing consumption charge via using energy consumption management and elevating export charge to make foreign forex.
– Decreasing waste materials by means of improving effectivity in refining and distribution system.
– Decreasing environment pollution to achieve stable growth.
– Raising human pressure productivity and promoting stage of training.
– Rising output of refinery amenities and transfer are distribution of oil products.
– Lowering price of production, switch and distribution of oil merchandise.
The NIORDC subsidiaries are as follows:
– National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Co.
– Management of Construction & Growth of “CNG” Stations Co.
– Nationwide Iranian Oil Engineering and Development Co. (NIOEC)
– Oil Pipeline and Telecommunication Co.
– Oil Refining Co.
The nationalization of the Iran oil business movement
Petroleum trade in Iran
Arvand oil refinery
Checklist of oil refineries
2007 Fuel Rationing Plan in Iran
National Iranian Oil Company
^ “NIORDC – Nationwide Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company”. NIORDC. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
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^ http://www.tehrantimes.com/financial system-and-enterprise/110844-iran-plans-to-import-10-million-liters-of-indian-premium-gasoline-per-day
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