The Azzawiya Oil Refining Firm (ARC) is a subsidiary of the National Oil Corporation (NOC), incorporated beneath Libyan Business Legislation since 1976. ARC operates the Zawia Refinery, which was in-built 1974 by Snamprogetti, Italy. Zawia is currently the nation’s second largest oil refinery after the Ras Lanuf refinery. Primary merchandise include naphtha, gasoline, kerosene mild, vacuum fuel oil, fuel oil, base lubricating oils, and asphalt.

1 Overview
2 Zawia Oil Terminal
3 Notes
four References
5 Exterior links


In 1974, ARC began production with a nameplate capacity of 60,000 bpsd and in 1977, capacity doubled to a hundred and twenty,000 bpsd. The Zawia refinery is supplied with associated items for utility wants like power, steam production via boilers, desalination items, air compressors and a tankfarm for storing crude oil, intermediate and finished products. Two atmospheric distillation plants can course of almost all Libyan crude oil and produce naphtha, kerosene mild and heavy gasoline oil and gas oil. The Crude Distillation unit has a desalter, which removes/lower salt content to acceptable ranges both topping units have stabilizers to remove lighter gases which is diverted to the fuel gas system.

Two naphtha hydrotreaters remove and decrease sulfur compounds, nitrogen compounds and different heavy metallic compounds and prepare feedstock for catalytic refromers. Each unit is also accompanied with a splitter to separate light and heavy naphtha. The 2 platforming units utilizes heavy naphtha as feedstock produces refromate, which is used as mixing inventory for gasoline manufacturing. The Platforming unit additionally produces LPG as a bye-product. Two kerosene hydrotreaters are utilized to supply desulfurised kerosene or Jet A-1. Capacity of every unit is 9,650 bpsd. NOC is predicted to re-tender an engineering, procurement and construction contract for upgrading the Zawia refinery.[1]

1. Quantities in barrels per day.

Zawia Oil Terminal

The Zawia oil terminal is operated by ARC. The terminal is located in northwestern Libya at 32049N, 12043E constituting the harbour facility of the refinery. It has a single level mooring buoy, 27 m deep to accommodate vessels up to a hundred,000 tons capability, 30 m deep to accommodate vessels as much as 140,000 tons, and 23 m deep to accommodate 5,000 to 20,000 tons products for loading and unloading. The terminal contains three offshore berths, located northeast of the refinery. On common, greater than 200 oil tankers call on the terminal yearly. In 2000, 195 tankers referred to as on the terminal, 213 in 2001 and 215 in 2002 respectively.[2]

EIA (2007)
REMPEC 2005 p.29

Power Data Administration (2007) Libya: Nation Analysis Brief
World Bank (2006), Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Economic Report, Social & Financial Improvement Group: MENA Region
– P. Mobbs (2002) Mineral Industry of Libya
– P. Mobbs (2000) Mineral Industry of Libya
– Thomas S. Ahlbrandt (2001) The Sirte Basin Province of Libya: Sirte-Zelten Whole Petroleum System U.S.

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