Simply after 2 am local time on Friday the 12 August 2011 the Iranian city of Mojen, in Semnan to the southeast of the Caspian Sea, was shaken by a large earthquake. This was registered as a magnitude 5.0 on the Richter Scale at a depth of about 10 km, by the United States Geological Survey, and a magnitude 4.9 quake by the Institute of Geophysics on the College of Tehran. There are not any experiences of any harm or casualties, however Mojen is built on a steep hillside, from conventional mud-brick and wooden supplies, and a quake of this size would have triggered appreciable shaking at ground degree, so it is likely that damage to buildings and accidents or even deaths may yet be reported.
Short video about Mojen.
Iran is some of the earthquake-prone countries on earth. Iran, together with Afghanistan and western Pakistan, is a part of a southern extension of the Eurasian Plate caught between the northeast shifting Arabian Plate and the northwest transferring Indian Plate. This has result in the creation of a mountainous, earthquake-prone area referred to as the Iranian Plateau. Although it is known as a plateau it is not flat, just uplifted.
Relief map of the Iranian Plateau. Grey areas are highest, green lowest. Pink dots point out historic earthquakes, the red star the approximate place of the August 12 quake.
Regardless of Iran’s oil wealth successive regimes have did not invest in earthquake protection, leading to a protracted history of devastating earthquake harm.
In 2003 an earthquake hit the city of Bam killing over 25 000 folks, and injuring over 30 000 extra, in addition to destroying most of the city. This provoked a brief thaw in relations with the west as over 40 nations despatched rescue teams into the world. Most of the casualties have been attributable to collapsing mud-brick buildings, which when shaken disintegrated so completely as to exclude all air from the collapsed building, trapping and asphyxiating the sleeping victims; like the Mojen earthquake the Bam earthquake occurred at about 2.oo in the morning. If you enjoyed this article and you would certainly such as to receive even more facts regarding PSAC kindly check out our own page. This similarity of constructing materials and timing raises concern for folks caught within the Mojen earthquake.
The aftermath of the 2003 Bam Earthquake.
The same earthquake in the northwest of the country in 1990 caused over forty 000 deaths and 60 000 injuries. This quake destroyed the cities of Rudbar, Manjil and Lushan, in addition to over seven-hundred villages, and left half 1,000,000 individuals homeless. Once more many of the fatalities were attributed to collapsing mud-brick buildings at night; this quake to place at 0.30 am.
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