The Three Phases Of Water Pipeline Construction
The preparation phase of pipeline construction is concentrated on the development of design plans developed by design engineers. In an effort to develop blueprints, engineers need to acquire detailed dataabout the worksite.
This is accomplished by working with subsurface utility engineering (SUE) businesses that survey the property using high-tech equipment. SUE methods are equipped for creating 3D images that identify objects buried underground, similar to water pipeline or utility systems.
Subsurface utility engineering methods are very beneficial to everyone connected to the project. Having the capability to identify the placement of previously installed pipeline let contractors carry out their job more safely and efficiently, as well as lower project costs.
Before SUE technologies were developed, pipeline contractor companies had minimal resources to determine what was hiding underground. It wasn’t uncommon for laborers to accidentally burst pipes or slice utility lines while excavating the terrain or digging trenches. This frequently led to workplace incidents that led to worker injuries or sometimes even fatalities.
Any time pre-existing pipes were discovered during the excavation process, construction workers needed to cease work so that civil engineers could either redesign or relocate pipelines. This induced long delays and caused an increase in project costs.
Thankfully, SUE technology eradicated the majority or risk factors connected to pipeline construction. Today, construction sites are significantly safer and project delays have been reduced, saving project owners a considerable amount of cash.
Wet utility pipeline construction is essential for delivering natural resources to people, along with getting rid of storm water runoff and waste water. Pipeline systems provide human beings with basic necessities and play a crucial role in public safety.
A variety of factors have to be taken under consideration throughout the pre-construction preparing phase. One of many more essential is determining which form of pipes is needed to effectively carry water while reducing impact to the environment.
Each of the factors related to the project undergo extensive assessment through the design phase. Engineers evaluate facts gathered from SUE to figure out water flow rates and suitable pipe sizes. Blueprints are delivered to city planners and project owners for approval. Plans pertaining to city projects must adjust to government rules, including the Environmental Protection Agency.
After design plans are submitted, project owners attain bids from pipeline contractors. The company selected to complete the project must provide the final Contractor with proof of insurance, permits, and easement rights prior to construction.
The active construction step is a three-part process. The initial step revolves around clearing the worksite of debris and grading the land. Trucks transport pipes and construction supplies so workers crude oil news january 2016 can begin the trenching process.
Pipe sections are placed alongside trenches and welded together. Contractors use a special epoxy coating that’s placed on welded joints to eliminate weak spots that might leak. The pipeline is then lowered into trenches and finishing touches are applied.
After pipeline is put into place it endures a series of tests to ensure the pipes don’t have any leaks and that structural integrity has not been affected.
Numerous inspections are performed throughout the active construction phase. Inspectors evaluate contractors’ licenses, work permits, and insurance policies and make certain employees are properly trained in construction safety policies. Inspectors also examine pipes and components to assure that construction materials, pipeline composition, and structural integrity abide by local, state, and federal regulations.
The post-construction phase revolves around restoring the terrain by backfilling trenches, landscaping the terrain, and removing waste materials. Additional inspections are carried out to make certain pipes are working at greatest capacity and to validate structural integrity.
Pipeline projects are classified as either wet or dry utility. Dry utility contractors perform work related to pipelines that carry non-gaseous materials or safeguard utility systems from natural elements.
Wet utility contractors conduct work on pipes that convey liquid materials akin to storm water, domestic water, sewer waste, and petroleum-based crude oil news january 2016 products.
It is recommended to work with skilled wet utility construction contractors which are competent in the sort of work involved. Find contractors that have an superior construction safety record and are in good standing with the EPA.
Find out more about the important role of wet utility pipeline construction on the Kana Pipeline website. Since 1984, Kana has delivered pipeline services to southern California. We are experienced in storm drain systems, fireline, and water and sewer pipelines. Learn more about our company at KanaPipeline.com.